Information For Authors

Interested in submitting to this journal? We recommend that you review the About the Journal page for the journal's section policies, as well as the Article Guidelines. Authors need to register with the journal before submitting or, if already registered, can simply log in and begin the five-step process.

General Info

  • Articles may come from any country but must be written in English.
  • Articles are considered based on scientific validity and technical quality, not perceived impact.
  • The journal editors reserve the right to return to authors, without peer-review, improperly formatted articles.
  • Authors are discouraged from using figures. (If there is sufficient cause to include figures, authors must submit original electronic copies in PNG, TIF, or high-resolution JPG format). If tables are included, they must be created in Word, not Excel.
  • The journal editors do not insist on a particular variant of the English language for the articles, but the grammar must be at a publishable level upon receipt. If the article is not written in the author’s mother tongue, the authors are encouraged to enlist the help of a native speaker, or a professional proofreader before submitting the article.
  • The published articles are hierarchically numbered. They are published under the Liberal 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). The author holds the copyright and retains publishing rights without restrictions.
  • One author cannot send more than two articles (the first author of one article, and the co-author of another one). The author declares that any person named as co-author of the article is aware of the fact and has agreed to be so named.
  • The article text should not include any information that identifies the authors, or any other collaborators in the work. The managing editor will remove personal details from the articles, before their sending to reviewers.
  • Expect on average 14 weeks from the submission deadline to publication.
  • The publication of articles will only occur after the authors have validated the final proofs.
  • Each author needs to submit a short biography (max. 100 words).
  • Each author should provide an ORCID iD.
  • The articles should be submitted in a Microsoft Word format (.doc or .docx).
  • The journal uses the plagiarism screening tool PlagScan.
  • The CRediT author statement enables authors to furnish submission details, allowing for a thorough account of individual contributions in the case of articles with multiple authors. The corresponding author should fill out this form. The authors' contributions will be disclosed in the final article and should faithfully represent the unique contributions of each author to the article.
  • Consent from the authors affirming that the article is their original work should accompany the article submission via the online submission form (JLIA Declaration of Originality).

Articles should represent a substantial advance in the particular field within the scope of the journal in terms of originality (empirical or theoretical); importance to researchers in the field; and interest for readers and researchers outside the field. The journal categorizes the published articles as original scientific articles; review articles or professional articles. This is a fully open-access journal, which means that all articles are freely available, ensuring maximum, worldwide dissemination of content, in exchange for an article publication fee. The authors are strongly encouraged to read the Review Policy section, the Article Guidelines, and the Publication Ethics section carefully before preparing an article for submission, and also to check the article for conformance before submitting it for publication. Consent from the authors affirming that the article is their original work should accompany the article submission via the online submission form (JLIA Declaration of Originality), along with the CRediT author statement.



Article title: Times New Roman; 14 pt; bold; alignment centered; single-line spacing; All Caps (max. 100 characters with spaces).

Author details: Times New Roman; 12 pt; single-line spacing; alignment centered. Please write the author's details in the following order:

John Galt
Ayn Rand University - New York, USA

Abstract and keywords: Between 150 and 200 words (5-7 keywords); Times New Roman; 12 pt; single-line spacing; justify. Write your abstract using concise but complete sentences. Get to the point quickly and always use the past tense because you are reporting on a study that has been completed. There are four things you need to include: 1) your research problem and objectives, 2) your methods, 3) your key results or arguments, and 4) your conclusion.

Article text: Times New Roman; 12 pt; justify; 1.5 line spacing; margins: Top: 2,5 cm; Bottom: 2,5 cm; Left: 3 cm; Right: 3 cm. The scope of the submitted text should not exceed more than 8000 words. The text should be written in the neuter gender, concisely with correct orthography. Latin phrases should be set in italics.

Quotations: If they are brief (3 lines or fewer), quotations should be run on with the text. Longer quotations should be indented, without quotation marks. All indented quotations should be typed single-spaced.

Citation style: The author should follow Chicago Style (author-date system) for referencing, for example: (Dahl 1989, 45); (Geddes 1999, 134-43); (Linz 1975). All references should be given in full at first mention. Subsequent citations can be abbreviated. Footnotes should be kept to a minimum.

Headings and subheadings: Times New Roman; 12 pt; bold.

Tables: Times New Roman; bold; size 10; align heading left; single line spacing. Tables must be created in Word, not Excel. The table heading is situated above the table.

Figures: Times New Roman; bold; size 10; alignment centered; single line spacing. The authors must submit original electronic copies of the figures applied in the article in TIFF, JPG, or PNG format. Figure heading is situated under the figure. Consider aligning tables and figures at the center.

Dates: Dates should be given in the form: 26 December 1981.

Conclusion: The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the article. A conclusion is where you summarize the article’s findings and generalize their importance, discuss ambiguous data, and recommend further research. These include:

  • Presenting the last word on the issues you raised in your article.
  • Summarizing your thoughts and conveying the larger implications of your study.
  • Demonstrating the importance of your ideas.
  • Introducing possible new or expanded ways of thinking about the research problem. 

References: Authors submitting manuscripts to JLIA are encouraged to prioritize references from a diverse range of sources, promoting a well-rounded and inclusive literature review. The list of references appears at the end of the article and provides more detailed information about the sources you cited. The titles of the works in the list of references will be indicated in the language in which they were published and translated into English in square brackets [ ]. Each entry in the list of references also begins with the author’s last name and the publication date, so that your reader can easily find any source they encounter in the text. For four or more authors, list all of the authors in the list of references; in the text, list only the first author, followed by et al. It is alphabetized by the author's last name.

References Examples:

Author's surname, Name. year of publication. “Article Title”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 8 (1):229-4, DOI: XXX-XXX

Author's surname, Name. year of publication. “Book Title”. place of publication: publisher.

Contributions in compilations and edited volumes:
Author's surname, Name. year of publication. “Title”, In: editor's surname, forename initials (ed./eds.) Compilation (place of publication: publisher), pages interval, DOI: XXX-XXX

Internet (URL):
When articles, books, or official documents are accessed via the internet, the reference should be formatted as described above; Full URL. where the document is posted should be listed as well as the date when it was accessed.

Author's surname, Name. year of publication. “Book Title”. place of publication: publisher, available at: http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx (December 26, 2021).

Legislation: Acts and Regulations

The titles of pieces of legislation (Acts, Regulations, rules, and by-laws) should be cited exactly - do not alter spelling or capitalization.

In-Text Citation:
Title of the Act Year
Title of the Act Year (abbreviation of the jurisdiction)

Title of the Act and Date of publication (abbreviation of the jurisdiction)

Note: Legislation is fully included in a list of references, in alphabetical order among other references.


Journal of Liberty and International Affairs welcomes reviews of recently published books. Authors should submit reviews of works relating to political sciences, international relations, international law, and related fields. For submitting a book review, authors should follow the requirements:

  • A book review should not exceed 1.500 words.
  • State the name of the author(s), the title of the book (the subtitle, if any, should also be included), the place of publication, the publishing house, the year of publication, and the number of pages.
  • Review authors should describe the topic of the book under consideration, but not at the expense of providing an evaluation of the book and its potential contribution to the relevant field of research. The review should provide a balance between description and critical evaluation.
  • An exact page reference should be provided for all direct quotations used in reviewing the book.

Book reviews should be submitted in MS Word format to:

Review Policy
Submitted articles are subjects to initial editorial screening and anonymous peer-review at least by two peer-reviewers. Firstly, the submitted articles will be evaluated within our initial editorial screening. After this preliminary stage, only afterwards it will be submitted to the peer-reviewers. For more details, please read the Review Policy section.


Anti-Plagiarism and Research Misconduct Policy
All articles will be checked by PlagScan before being sent to the reviewers. If a case of plagiarism or duplication is detected, the article will be immediately rejected. Additionally, the author responsible for plagiarism is prohibited from submitting further work to the Journal of Liberty and International Affairs. The similarity index should not exceed 25% (excluding in-text citations). If plagiarism or duplication is detected after the publication of the article, the journal editors have the right to issue a correction or retract the published article. The journal adheres to the COPE guidelines in addressing allegations of research misconduct in its publications.


AI Tools Policy
In line with COPE guidelines, artificial intelligence tools (e.g. ChatGPT) cannot be listed as named authors on submitted articles. Authors are fully responsible for the content of their article, even those parts produced by any AI tool, and are thus liable for any inaccuracies or breaches of publication ethics. Authors who have used AI tools to develop their article must include a note in the article's Acknowledgements section describing the technologies used and the purpose. This does not apply to software such as spelling or grammar checkers or reference managers.


Citation Policy
Authors are expected to refrain from engaging in citation manipulation, as it is considered a form of misconduct. This manipulation can be identified when citations do not contribute substantively to the scholarly content of the journal article, being included solely to boost citation numbers. Please consult the COPE citation manipulation discussion document for further information.

Self-citation is allowed; however, it should be done judiciously and not excessively to prevent it from being considered a form of citation manipulation.

References provided by the author should not display bias towards a specific author, institution/organization, research group, or publication. Any behaviour aimed at artificially inflating citation counts for personal gain will be addressed following COPE’s best practices.


Open Access Policy
Journal of Liberty and International Affairs is an electronic and fully open-access journal, which means that all articles are freely available, ensuring maximum, worldwide dissemination of content, in exchange for an article publication fee. The journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. The main principles of open access we support are:

  • peer-reviewed literature should be freely available without subscription or price barriers;
  • literature is immediately released in open access format (no embargo period); and
  • published material can be re-used without obtaining permission as long as a correct citation to the original publication is given.

Journal of Liberty and International Affairs accepts and is guided by the BOAI definition of open access:

"By open access to [peer-reviewed research literature], we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited".

The Journal of Liberty and International Affairs and the Institute for Research and European Studies have endorsed the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) and signed the BOAI Declaration. Additionally, they have also endorsed the principles of the Coalition for Advancing Research Assessment (CoARA).

Please feel free to visit the following links to find further information about the free and open-access initiative:

  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • The Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA)
  • A Registry of Open Access Repositories Mandatory Archiving Policies (ROARMAP)

As an open-access journal, all contents are freely available without charge to users or their institutions. Users can read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without prior permission from the publisher or the author. Therefore, this journal has been approved by the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), which indicates that it has fulfilled the open-access requirements of a peer-reviewed journal.


At JLIA, we consider the language aspect of the articles of particular relevance. Therefore, a language redactor assesses the language aspect of each article. The JLIA may recommend its proofreading services. However, authors are always informed that they are not obliged to use the suggested services but can choose other ones.


Post-Publication Discussions and Corrections
Following COPE post-publication discussions and corrections, any comments fostering discussion or expressing concerns about the published content should be submitted as a Letter to the Editor. JLIA encourages unbiased, evidence-based comments that add value to scholarly discussions and refrain from subjective opinions or derogatory language. If post-publication discussions indicate a necessity to correct or retract the published content, the concerns will be addressed through a Correction or Retraction Notice.


Article Correction and Retraction Policy

  • Erratum, is a statement by the authors of the original article, that briefly describes any correction(s) resulting from errors or omissions. Any effects on the conclusions of the article should be noted. The corrected article is not removed from the online journal, but notice of erratum is given. The Erratum is made freely available to all readers and is linked to the corrected article.
  • Retraction, is a notice that the article should not be regarded as part of the scientific literature. The journal editors follow COPE guidelines on retraction.
  • Corrigendum, notifies readers that an article has been corrected subsequent to publication. It is issued by the publisher and is used in cases where production errors (either the fault of the authors or the publisher) affect the integrity of the article metadata (such as title, author list or byline) or will significantly impact the readers' ability to comprehend the article. The original article is removed and replaced with a corrected version and a Corrigendum describing the correction is linked to it. The date the correction is made is noted on the corrected article. Corrigenda are freely available to all readers.
  • The journal editors always are willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.


Copyright Policy

  • Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. All materials are published under an open-access license that gives authors permanent ownership of their work.
  • Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (author's pre-prints on the author server or institutional server only, while the author's post-prints on the author's website, departmental website, employer's website, or institutional repository) before and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.
  • Published sources must be acknowledged.
  • Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published before and that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
  • The journal editors are not responsible for any possible violations of existing copyright in articles published in the journal all responsibility is on the authors of those articles. The journal or publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.


Authors Country Variation Policy
JLIA generally discourages articles with primary author and co-authors from different countries but recognizes situations where such collaboration can bring unique expertise. If co-authors from different countries are crucial, the primary author must explicitly acknowledge their contribution in the acknowledgment section, emphasizing its necessity. Acceptance will depend on the perceived merit, importance, and enrichment of the research by including co-authors from different countries, ensuring the journal maintains high scholarly standards.


Journal Self-Citation Policy
Authors are urged to cite sources from reputable academic databases. Simultaneously, authors are advised to refrain from intentional self-citation of JLIA, except when it is essential for the research and the resultant article. Instances of excessive reliance on journal self-citations without clear justification may undergo editorial scrutiny, and authors are encouraged to ensure that such references contribute meaningfully to the content of their articles. This policy aims to significantly reduce journal self-citations that are neither justified nor necessary.


Repository Policy
The publisher and the journal have a registered deposit policy with Sherpa Romeo.


Journal of Liberty and International Affairs is archived in the National and University Library “St. Kliment Ohridski” - Skopje, Social Science Open Access Repository (SSOAR), Internet Archive, Keepers Registry, and LOCKSS.

Each full text archived in SSOAR is assigned a URN (Unique Resource Name), which is a persistent identifier (PID) that enables unequivocal and permanent access to the publication and its scientific citation. In the case of preprints and postprints of published works, you are requested to also indicate the PID of the publisher’s version (as a rule, this is a Digital Object Identifier: DOI). 

Each issue is archived in the Internet Archive as a complete edition.

The Keepers Registry acts as a global monitor on the archiving arrangements for digital journals.

Open Journal Systems supports the LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe) system to ensure a secure and permanent archive for the journal. LOCKSS is open-source software developed at Stanford University Library that enables libraries to preserve selected web journals by regularly polling registered journal websites for newly published content and archiving it. Each archive is continually validated against other library caches, and if the content is found to be corrupted or lost, the other caches or the journal is used to restore it.


Indexation Independence Policy
JLIA expressly disclaims any responsibility for alterations, modifications, or adjustments made during the indexation process or in indexing/abstracting databases. Despite JLIA's unwavering commitment to upholding the overall efficiency and functionality of its operations, it abstains from exerting control or authority over the indexation process. Consequently, JLIA cannot be held accountable for any changes, errors, or discrepancies that may arise in this specific domain.