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Andon Kume
Linert Lirëza


This paper analyzed the legal framework regarding transparency in financing political parties for the election campaign in Albania and North Macedonia. The main object was the identification and analysis of the changes in the legislative solutions that are implemented in these two countries for issues related to (i) the method of reporting the financing of the election campaign, (ii) the periodicity and time of reporting, (iii) the publication of donations with private funds, (iv) the institutions of monitoring and auditing financial reports, (v) publication of financial reports and (vi) sanctions for violators of the law. The assessment of the level of law enforcement, as a reflection of the differences in the two countries' efforts toward the development of democratic elections, was part of the objectives of this study. The comparative analysis was the main methodology used in this paper. Based on the results of this analysis, it can be confirmed that the national legislation for the financing of election campaigns in Albania and North Macedonia is: (i) drafted following the requirements and standards defined in international documents, (ii) the differences are a reflection of the process of democratic development of these two countries. The quality in the implementation of the legislation was identified as a factor with hindering effects on the transparency of the financing of political campaigns. The commitment to improve the legislation aiming, in particular, additional capacities development for controlling and law-enforcing institutions, as well as the engagement in education and strengthening the culture for implementing the rule of law, are necessary for both countries. 


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How to Cite
Kume, Andon, and Linert Lirëza. 2023. “ON THE TRANSPARENCY OF ELECTORAL CAMPAIGN FINANCING IN ALBANIA AND NORTH MACEDONIA”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 9 (2):332-49. https://doi.org/10.47305/JLIA2392426k.
Author Biography

Andon Kume, Faculty of Political Sciences and Law, Aleksander Moisiu University - Durres, Albania

Andon Kume completed high school in Florida, USA. In 2010 he completed his university studies at the University of Macerata, Faculty of Law, Italy. In the period 2010-2013, he completed his doctoral studies at The Department of Legal Sciences of the University of Macerata, Italy. After finishing, with excellent results, of Phd studies, he started working as the first lecturer at the University "Aleksander Moisiu" Durres. In March 2015 he was awarded the academic title "Associate Professor". His academic and teaching experience includes activating as a lecturer in several universities in the country and engaging as a scientific leader at the UET doctoral school. He has participated, in a considerable number of symposia, international conferences, and congresses and has published the results of his scientific research in domestic and foreign scientific journals. He is the author of three monographs. From 2016 until today he has been elected Dean of the Faculty of Political and Legal Sciences at the "Aleksander Moisiu" University, Durrës.