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Gonda Yumitro
Rizki Febriani
Ali Roziqin
Sukma Oktaviani


This article discusses a new model of the threat of Indonesian terrorism, especially in the East Java region. Indonesian terrorism continues to grow even more dangerous than before because terrorism has a dynamic nature following the times. The research method for this article was a literature study, with data collection techniques using the Harzing PoP 8 application and some data from Google Scholar. The relevant references collected were converted into RIS data types using the Mendeley application. The RIS data was then processed using VOSviewer software to visualize data about previous research related to a new model of the Indonesian terrorism threat. The authors found that terrorism has survived to this day because it found new ways of recruiting and carrying out its acts of terror. Terrorism no longer focuses on a man as the perpetrator but involves women and even children in their actions. Terrorism can also utilize technological sophistication to support group movements and their acts of terror. This is evidenced by the blocking of 600 social media accounts by BNPT, which often uploads radical content in Indonesia. 


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How to Cite
Yumitro, Gonda, Rizki Febriani, Ali Roziqin, and Sukma Oktaviani. 2023. “NEW MODEL OF TERRORISM THREAT IN INDONESIA: EAST JAVA CASE STUDY”. Journal of Liberty and International Affairs 9 (3):234-47.
Author Biographies

Gonda Yumitro, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia

Gonda Yumitro is a Professor of International Relations at the University of Muhammadiyah Malang. He conducted various research projects on International Relations, Political Islam, Islamic world Affairs, and Terrorism. He obtained his BA in International Relations at Gadjah Mada University, MA in Political Science at Jamia Millia Islamia, MA in International Relations at Annamalai University, and Ph.D. in Political Science from International Islamic University Malaysia. He was awarded a Taiwan Fellowship in Asia University in 2019 and an Erasmus Mundur Scholar at Trento University, Italy, in 2015. He can be contacted through email

Rizki Febriani, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia

Rizki Febriani is an assistant professor of the Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang. She graduated with a Bachelor's degree in Economics from Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang in 2007. In 2011, she obtained a Master's in Management from Brawijaya University and a Doctoral Degree in 2017 at the same University. She teaches several courses and researches International Human Resource Management, Cross-Cultural Management, Strategic Human Resource Management, and Islamic Economics. She can be contacted at

Ali Roziqin, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia

Ali Roziqin is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Government Studies, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia. He obtained his bachelor’s degree from the Department of Public Administration at Universitas Diponegoro, Indonesia. He holds a Master of Public Administration from the Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia. His research interests are in bureaucracy, public policy and administration, and public sector innovation. He has published papers in international and national journals. Ali Roziqin can be contacted at:

Sukma Oktaviani, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia

Sukma Oktaviani is an alumnus of the Department of International Relations at the University of Muhammadiyah Malang. Since graduating in 2022, Sukma has been actively involved as a research assistant at the University of Muhammadiyah Malang. She can be contacted at